ASTRONOMY 202:  ASTROPHYSICAL FLUID DYNAMICS

Spring 2020

Problem sets

Slides

April 29 Slide 0

April 29 Slide 1

   




Basic fluid mechanics for astronomers. The class aims to develop physical intuition and order-of-magnitude problem-solving skills.

TOPICS

       A. Mass, Momentum, and Energy Equations

       B. Drag

       C. Turbulence

       D. Inviscid Flow and the Bernoulli Constant

       E. Parker Wind / Bondi-Hoyle Accretion

       F. Acoustic Waves, Shocks, and Sedov-Taylor

       G. Convection / Mixing Length Theory

       H. Kelvin-Helmholtz Turbulence

       I. Thermal Instability

       J. Jeans Instability

       K. Viscous Accretion Disks

       L. Rayleigh Instability

       M. Spiral Density Waves and Toomre Q

       N. Magnetohydrodynamics

       O. Magneto-Rotational Instability

       P. Swing Amplification


Instructor
Eugene Chiang (Departments of Astronomy and of Earth and Planetary Science )

Campbell 605C / echiang{at}astro.berkeley.edu

Time & Place
Mondays and Wednesdays 10:30-12:00 pm by zoom link

Office Hours
Mondays 2:30-3:30 pm, Tuesdays 10:00-11:00 am
by zoom link. Feel free to email me, too.

Texts
Astro 202 Course Reader on sale at Copy Central (1971 Shattuck Avenue)

Physical Fluid Dynamics by Tritton (concise and readable, what I grew up with)

Astrophysical Flows by Pringle and King

Physics of Astrophysics: Gas Dynamics by Shu

Elementary Fluid Dynamics by Acheson (concise and readable)

An Introduction to Fluid Dynamics by Batchelor (standard reference liked by many)

Fluid Mechanics by White (friendly, for engineers)

Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics by Munson, Young, and Okiishi (very friendly, for engineers)

Plasma Physics by Sturrock (selections are in the Course Reader)

Applications of Classical Physics by Blandford and Thorne (to read after reading the above)

Fluid Mechanics by Landau and Lifshitz (to read after reading the above)


Movies

Format and Grading

Weekly lectures
Readings
Problem sets (75%)
Written final exam (25%)
Semester grades: A- (85%) / B- (75%) / C- (65%) / D- (55%)
One "average" homework will be dropped when computing your homework grade. In this scheme it is possible to score > 100% on the homework.



Readings

    1. Shu p3-6; Tritton 5.1-5.5; White 4.2, 4.3, 4.5; Pringle & King Sections 1 through 1.4, and 1.7
    2. Pringle & King 1.3-1.4, 1.6.1, 1.7.1, 1.7.3; Shu p20-24, 30-33, 49-50; Tritton 10.4-10.7; Landau & Lifshitz Chapter 1, section 5, 6; Movies: e.g., Eulerian/Lagrangian, Fluid Quantity and Flow, Flow Visualization
    3. Pringle & King 2.1.1 & 2.1.2; Tritton 5.8, chapter 2, chapter 8; Movies: Pressure Fields and Fluid Acceleration; whatever text you would like to read about the Taylor-Proudman Theorem (e.g., Acheson p279-280 works)
    4. Tritton, chapter 3; Movies: Drag I and II; also readings from textbooks by Acheson and by Batchelor as pointed out in problem set problems
    5. Movies: Drag III, IV; skim relevant pages on Drag in the Course Reader
    6. Shu p73-81; p24-31 of Course Reader, photocopied from Frank, King, & Raine
    7. Shu p210-217, 230-240; however much of Thorne & Blandford Chapter 17 you like
    8. Selections from Sturrock in the Course Reader
    9. Shu p302-310 on MHD waves and p360-365 on ambipolar diffusion; however much of the papers by Weber & Davis (1967) and Blandford & Payne (1982) you care to read
    10. Course Reader: selections from Binney & Tremaine. Also Shu p98-101
    11. Course Reader: (a) selections from Binney & Tremaine; (b) passages on accretion disks from Frank, King, & Raine; (c) however much of Gammie (2001) that you like (the introduction is very readable). Also skim Shu p82-88, 90-92.
    12. However much of the hand-outs by Balbus & Hawley that you like; Shu p93-98, 101-110, 120-123, 125-130

Problem Sets (75%)

If you use these problem sets for your classes, I would appreciate your letting me know by email, and referencing this class and website.

Homework policy: You may consult others and the instructor --- and are encouraged to! --- but only after having thought seriously about the problem yourself. Your final solution should be written up by yourself. You may ask for short extensions in special circumstances, preferably well in advance of the due date.

       

Final Exam (25%)

A 5-hour take-home written exam will be due Wednesday May 13 @ 5:00 pm Pacific time.